But What Is It For?
I know you've seen color wheels. You probably also know the three primary colors: red, yellow, and blue, but you may have wondered how artists use the color wheel, if at all. In this post I explain how I use a color wheel to create color schemes and show examples in my paintings.
I have my color wheel next to my easel and I use it all the time for color mixing and to create harmonious color schemes. You'd think I would have the thing memorized by now, but I don't, and since I'm a visual person, it helps me to see it.
Color Mixing 101
You may remember from art class the idea of the different types of colors. Red, yellow, and blue are the primary colors (at left above) and theoretically all colors can be mixed from them. (That's not actually true in terms of paint pigments, but that's another post).
The three secondary colors (center above: orange, green, and violet) are made up of the two primaries nearest them. The six tertiary colors (at right above: yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, red-violet and red-orange) are each made up of the primary and secondary colors nearest to them.
The main color relationship that is useful to me is knowing what is a color's complement, or the color that is opposite on the wheel. At full strength these two hues will be very vivid against each other. If one is dulled, then they will look very harmonious. If you combine them at equal strengths, they will make a neutral color.
I can dull a color by adding a small amount of its complement. I do this frequently because I rarely use colors full strength out of the tube; they would just be too bright.
The classic color schemes are based on complements:
Examples of My Color Schemes
"Cold Duty", New York City, oil, 16"x16", ©Linda Hugues, sold.
This complementary color scheme uses strong yellow-orange and toned down versions of its compliment, blue-violet.
"Our St. Pete, oil, 36"x36", ©Linda Hugues, sold.
This complementary color scheme emphasizes dulled blue-greens against brighter tones of red-orange.
"Neighbors", Paris, oil, 30"x30", ©Linda Hugues, sold.
This tetradic color scheme uses two complementary pairs: yellow-orange/blue-violet and red/green.
Notice all the neutrals that support this complex color scheme.
While I often approach colors analytically, I don't always end up with such clearly defined color schemes. In the end I always stand back and decide what feels right to me. Understanding the rules allows me to confidently break them.
Now for you: do you think about color theory when you create or view art? What approach appeals most to you?
I'm Linda Hugues and I paint cityscapes from my travels in Europe and my home in Florida. Here on my monthly blog I write about everything related to my art life, in and out of the studio. Enjoy!